Bryce Canyon, Utah

 Bryce Canyon National Park is actually less of a canyon than it is a series of natural amphitheaters sunk into pink cliffs and filled with delicate red rock “hoodoos.” Millions of years of wind, water, and geologic forces have shaped and etched the surreal landscape. The most brilliant hues of the park comes alive with the rising and setting of the sun. Bryce is an unforgettable experience. Located 24 miles southeast of the town of Panguitch, the park is open all year-round and the area is popular with the cross-country skiing and snowshoeing crowd in the winter months. Summertime offers myriad walking and hiking trails along the rim and toward the bottom of the canyon. Many visitors think it’s even better seen from horseback. The 37-mile scenic drive will also get you to key overlooks and vistas, such as Sunrise, Sunset, Rainbow, Yovimpa, and Inspiration Points. The visitor center is also open all year-round. Bryce Canyon Lodge, a National Historic Landmark, is open April through November.

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8 Facts About Pineapple

Pineapple Discovery

In 1493, explorer Christopher Columbus found pineapples on Guadeloupe Island in the Caribbean. The fruit is also native to southern Brazil and Paraguay.

Pineapples in Colonial America

American colonists regarded pineapples as a luxurious treat because of their rarity and cost.

Pineapple Anatomy

A pineapple is the result of many flowers whose fruitlets have joined around the core.

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Pineapple Nutrition

Pineapples contain bromelain, an enzyme that may help arthritis pain by reducing inflammation. They are also a good source of vitamin C, which helps to strengthen your immune system.

Pineapples in Hawaii

Historically, Hawaii was the world’s largest pineapple producer and source for U.S. pineapples. Some of the largest pineapple crops were in Hawaii. Today the largest producers include the Philippines, Brazil, and Costa Rica.

Pineapple Selection

Pass over sour-smelling or bruised pineapples. Fruit from Hawaii or Central America tends to be freshest.

Pineapple Care

To make your pineapple softer and juicier, keep it at room temperature for one or two days before cutting.

Pineapple Calories

One cup of pineapple juice has 70 to 85 calories.

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3 Important benefits of yoga

  • Less stress and tension

 Yoga is an effective way to deal with stress and unnecessary anxiety . Some yoga styles use specific meditation techniques , which have a calming effect and help us reduce tension . Other styles rely on deep breathing techniques . They aim on focusing the mind on the breath , which has a calming effect .

Anti-stress benefits in yoga are associated with a number of biochemical reactions. In implementation it leads to a reduction of catecholamines – hormones produced by the adrenal gland in response to stress . It was also found a decrease in the levels of neurotransmitters , such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine , which create a feeling of relaxation .

Some studies have linked the practice of yoga with increasing levels of oxytocin . The hormone also has a calming effect and role in creating trust between people.

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  • Yoga for concentration and mood

Practicing yoga helps concentration. The benefits include the improvement of mood. It is believed that training increases the feeling of happiness and satisfaction.

  • For a healthy heart

It was found that yoga helps lower high blood pressure and slow the heart rate , which is beneficial for people with hypertension , heart disease and stroke.

Yoga is associated with a decrease in the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides , as well as stimulation of  the immune function .

Studies have found that practicing yoga helps recover faster from a heart attack and return to normal life .

Daily meditation reduces the risk of heart disease by half.

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Assen’s Fortress, Bulgaria

 The Fortress is located 3 km from the town. The castle was built on a rocky peak inaccessibility to Asenitza River . The earliest finds from archaeological excavations date back to 5-4 c . The area has been inhabited by the Romans, Byzantines and Bulgarians.

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 At the time of the Thracians the fort played an important role in defending the passage, connecting the territories of ancient Thrace to the Aegean . Byzantine Emperor Justinian did rise in that placein order to stop enemy incursions from the north. After numerous raids and battles , the fortress is still standing upright. Early Middle Eastern Rhodopes are within the first Bulgarian state and city walls protect its territories from foreign invaders . In the region  was a medieval town Stenimachos . In the 13th century , having expanded the territory of Bulgaria to three seas – White, Black and Adriatic Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II strengthened the fortress. Large-scale construction is charted in Bulgarian at its entrance. Message carved on the rock causes the fortress and the nearby modern town to be called Assen’s  town.

The Outer wall has been well preserved. It has a height of 3 meters and a thickness of 2 m and it is clearly visible as it is  situated at the highest point with an inner citadel tower. In peacetime, it served as the residence of the governor , and during the war was used as a watchtower and a safe haven from the enemy.It  Can trace the outlines of reservoirs whose walls were lined with ceramic pieces .

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 The biggest attraction of the fortress is the medieval Christian church ” Mary of Petrich . ” Nave domed church was built in the 13th century by the order of Tsar Ivan Asen II. The tower of the temple served both tower and watchtower . The church itself has two floors , the first floor , according to the original intent of the builders was scheduled for crypt . The actual church is on the second floor . It is built with specially quarried and cut freestone blocks. The facade is indented to blind arches. Interestingly natural stone iconostasis characteristic of medieval Bulgarian church prior art and popular during the Renaissance wooden iconostasis . Part of the interior decoration of the church , however, was destroyed . During the earthquake in 1928, its dome collapsed , leaving precious frescoes of the arbitrariness of the raw mountain climate. It was later restored , thanks to it today we have some great fragments of frescoes dating back to the 14th century. This is actually the second mural layer.The firts Was applied in the 13th century , during the construction of the temple.

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 Since the beginning of the 90s of the 20th century the church functions as a church . It helds services associated most often with baptisms and weddings . The rest of the fortress and the church is open to visitors. The disposal guide introduces people to tumultuous past that is steeped in history span land. Assen’s fortress is visited by about 70 thousand tourists per year.

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Mushrooms – a good source of vitamin D

Eating mushrooms can provide you large amounts of vitamin D. For this purpose, they should be placed somewhere sunny for half an hour before consumption.

Similar to the human skin , mushrooms synthesize vitamin D under the influence of ultraviolet light , even after cutting them from the root.

In a study 30 people are divided into two groups. For 12 weeks the first group of volunteers from took supplemental vitamin D, and the second took sun-exposed mushrooms in powder form .

The results indicate that both groups significantly increased their levels of vitamin D.  Fungi unlike additives have similar positive effects on the organism.

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Researchers found that mushrooms absorbing sunlight contain vitamin D2, which also has a positive effect on the improvement and maintenance of normal levels of vitamin D. D2 is not produced in the dorsal and the diet of vegetables and mushrooms.

According to experts, the heat treatment of fungus does not harm the vitamin, it is even possible that it improve its absorption by the body.

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