Plitvice lakes (Plitvice Lakes) or known as Plitvice Lakes are a unique landmark on the territory of Croatia . This huge water beauty is preserved in the National Park ” Plitvice ” that is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage in 1979.
Within the park’s biggest attractions are the 16 lakes , each on a different level. Between this leveling is built natural system of incredibly beautiful cascading waterfalls , the highest of which is 76 meters . Around the park grows dense and picturesque woodland , which gives the protected area finished .
Plitvice National Park with its crystal clear lakes located in eastern Lika , between the mountains of Mala Kapela and Pleshivitsa , close to the road that connects Zagreb to Dalmatia. The highest point of the Plitvice Lakes is the peak of Mala Kapela , which reaches 1280 m altitude. According to the Croatian area-based measurements Park Plitvice Lakes is about 29,482 ha , of which 22,000 are allocated to forest areas . The total area of the lakes is 217 hectares . Three quarters accounted for the two largest lakes – Kozyak and Proshchansko lake.
Plitvice with a pure heart can be called a natural phenomenon. The area in which are located Plitvice Lakes , was declared a national park on April 8, 1949 . Plitvice name was given back in 1777 by the priest Dominic Vukasovich man of God from Otochats . By 1958 the area of Plitvice lakes is inaccessible by the beautiful waters could be reached only by small forest paths .
The then governor of the park – Josip Movchan , began to realize the idea to build a system of wooden bridges to be in the convenience of visitors. So park curator lays the foundation of the tourist development area of the park Plitvice .
Plitvice Lakes are divided into upper and lower . The highest of these is Proshchanskoto Lake, which is located 639 meters above sea level. The lowest one is Lake Novakovic Brod, which is located 503 meters above sea level. The upper lakes are located on dolomitic base where surface erosion creates highly indented relief and forms a common river valley .
The lower lakes are characterized in that they are smaller and shallower . They are located on limestone and are located in the canyon of cliffs carved by the river over time , even when the Plitvice lakes were not formed. All Plitvice lakes are surrounded by dense forests . The area of the waterfalls is no exception to this rule.
In essence Plitvice lakes are karst springs, which are fed by groundwater from karst background. It is only partially within the park . The main reservoir of water content of the Plitvice lakes comes from streams Crna and Bijela Rijeka (Crna i Bijela rijeka) and Plitvice (Plitvica) with Sartuka (Sartuka). They flow into the lakes of karst springs and Riechitsa (Riječica) – in Kozyak and hence into the lake of oozed dolomite springs.