Baba Marta is a mythical character from the Bulgarian folklore. According to the folk tradition the name is associated with March. Except March, January and February also have a special place in Bulgarian mythological ideas. January and February are presented as brothers with a spicy character – Large beetle-Small beetle, January and February . Baba Marta is considered their sister ‘s mood – sometimes smiling and benevolent , sometimes unpredictably evil.The Nature of Baba Marta is consistent with the changing weather in March.
Old are the sources describing how the Bulgarians have been decorated with red and white threads for health, strength and longevity. Most likely, the holiday is inherently Bulgarian originating from 580 – 630th AD. From Asia ( the continent on which initially Bulgarians live ) the tradition is transferred to Europe with the migration of a large group of Bulgarians led by Khan Asparuh. The tradition is observed today in the territories that were once Bulgarian – part of Romania, Macedonia, part of Greece, Serbia, and also in some of today’s Russia .
Each year, before the beginning of March, Bulgarians give ‘martenitsi’ made of red and white threads , traditionally of wool . This makes for health and happiness. On March 1st Bulgarians put martenitsi clothes or wrists and wish health and happiness with the words “Happy Baba Marta .” The holiday symbolizes the end of winter and the coming of spring.