Tag Archives: natural wonders

Egypt offers an underwater gateway to Alexandria

Egypt revived the idea of ​​a giant underwater museum off the coast of Alexandria. o reveal the beauty of centuries ago mired palace of Cleopatra. The idea for the unusual archaeological museum has existed for years and has generated thousands of ancient treasure discovered in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern port of the famous city. A treasure trove found on the seabed in the last decade includes 26 Sphinx , several huge granite blocks weighing up to 50 tons , as well as alleged debris legendary lighthouse on the island . Pharos is considered one of the seven wonders of the world . According to scientists, around here are found the remains of the palace complex of the last ruler of ancient Egypt, Cleopatra , lost after a series of earthquakes in the IV-V century AD .

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In the near future the admirers of historical tourism will have the unique opportunity to glimpse these submerged treasures closely ,promise the Egyptian authorities . Under their ambitious plans, in early 2010 they should start building a giant underwater tunnel fiberglass and it should be completed in two and a half years. The project is made by the famous French architect Jacques Ruzhri who has an extensive experience with underwater structures and the support of UNESCO.

The appearance of the first ever archaeological museum below sea level to attract millions of tourists in the second largest city of Egypt , however, remains questionable because the necessary $ 140 million for its constructionOfficials hope the money will come from private companies and organizations , but some experts fear that the huge technical challenges associated with the construction of such an unusual structure can repel them . Among the main problems are ensuring visibility among frustratingly murky waters of the bay, and the creation of stable enough structure to resist the strong undercurrents .

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Door to hell, Turkmenistan

A unique but little-known place near Darvaz, Turkmenistan

 Near the small town Darvaz in Turkmenistan is located a peculiar natural phenomenon called  “the door to hell.” In fact, nature has very little “guilt” in creating this phenomenon.

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How was the door to hell formed ? It all started back in 1971 when scientists from the then Soviet Union were sent to explore the area for the presence of natural gas. Well, they indeed  discovered natural gas reserves . It turned out , however, that under the surface there is a huge underground cave and digging during stability studies violates its surface.It then collapsed and left a hole with a diameter of about 70 meters and a depth of about 20 meters. To prevent the free flow of poison gas, geologists decided it was best to ignite the hole.They  Expected the gas to burn a few days and then continue to work safely on the site. To their unpleasant surprise gas not only burned for a few days , but continues to burn to this day – over 40 years after the accident . Whether it was right or wrong  to ignite the gas one can not say definitely , but the fact is that during these four decades the door to hell has burned huge amounts of gas.

So , today we are witnessing the phenomenon “door to hell” due to the nature, with little help from  scientists’ error !

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Chocolate Hills, Philippines

Almost all children would be glad a lot if they see a mountain of chocolate. And what about the first 268m hill made of chocolate?

Consisting of 1268 hills with a perfect conical shape of the same size , spread over an area of 50 square kilometers, this highly unusual geological formation, called Chocolate Hills , is located in Bohol , Philippines. There are several hypotheses for the formation of the hills. Including eroded limestone oceanic volcanism , uplift of the seafloor and a more recent theory is that as an ancient active volcano that was self-destructed , it spewed huge blocks of stone which were then covered  with limestone and thrust forth from the ocean .

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Naturally, in Bohol people will tell you two stories about the origin of the hills. Better known for the two giants who are pelted with stones and large rocks. After almost two days of battle , they felt completely exhausted and soon forgot why they have started to fight and left as friends.
A more romantic version of a giant called Arogi who fell in love with Aloya . When Aloya died Arogi highly grieved and wept , and his huge tears rained down on the ground and then hardened , becoming the Chocolate Hills as evidence of his eternal sorrow.

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Lake Superior, Canada

 Lake Lake Superior is the largest of the five Great Lakes in North America. Bordered on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Minnesota , and to the south – with the U.S. states of Wisconsin and Michigan. It is the largest freshwater lake in the world that has an area of 82 103 km2. Only the area of the Canadian territory of the lake is 28 700 km2 , thus it is the third largest lake in Canada and 2nd in the province of Ontario. The altitude of the water is 183 meters.

 Lake Superior is the third largest freshwater lake in the world by volume of 11,600 km3  after it is Baikal in Russia(we have a post for it as well!) and Tanganyika in Africa.

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Cave in Kamchatka, Russia

Ice sculptures that take away your breath

Caves may scare some people, but other are a real beautiful mystery. These underground formations often hide in theirselves colors of the rainbow, interesting shapes and various ground unevenness that would amaze even a geologist.

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Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia is a tunnel, about a kilometer and was formed by hot spring water that has flowed under the ice floes along the flanks of the volcano Mutnovski.

The nature of the whole peninsula is  remarkable and unique. On its territory there are many lakes, wild rivers, large symmetrical volcanoes and spectacular coastline. In the early 90s of the last century, however, not only Russian scientists and enthusiasts have been aware of the island’s natural wealth. And the influx of tourists is huge.

When visiting caves and other natural formations observe strict rules in order to  preserve the caves.

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Lake Baikal, Russia

Lake Baikal is in Russia, which is located in the southern part of Eastern Siberia. It is the deepest lake in the world and the largest reservoir of freshwater.

Lakes and coastal areas are characterized by a unique variety of flora and fauna., As most of the species are endemic and found nowhere else in the world. The locals call Baikal Sea, although it has freshwater.

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The length of the Baikal is 636 km and its shape is like a crescent . Its width varies  from 25 to 80 km and its area is equivalent to that of countries such as Belgium , the Netherlands or Denmark. The Maximum depth of the Baikal is over a mile , making it the deepest lake on the planet. The average depth of the lake is also impressive – 730 m , for which Baikal holds more than 20% of the world’s fresh water. Extremely clean and transparent waters of Baikal contain so little salt that it can be used instead of distilled water.

In Baikal live over 2.5000 species and subspecies of plants and animals, two thirds of which inhabit this pond only. The lake is located in a kind of valley, which is surrounded on all sides by mountain ridges. This west coast is rocky and steep, and the relief on the east – more oblique.

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Curiously, at the end of the winter ice thickness in Baikal averages one meter. When In extreme cold, the ice breaks up huge plates with a length of 30 km. These cracks occur annually in approximately the same area of ​​the lake – they are accompanied by a deafening crash, resembling thunder. Through these cracks the ice fish in the lake does not perish from lack of oxygen. An interesting fact is that the ice of Baikal is almost transparent.

Scientists determine the age of the lake of 25-30 million years.

The territory of Baikal and in the vicinity, one can find  many natural and cultural heritage, as well as many historical and archaeological sites. These include scale Shaman-stone mountain Cherskiy Peak, Cape Burhan Island Olhos, Krugobaykalskata railway and others. In various areas around the lake passes the Great Baikal Trail, which is a system of natural trails and is one of the most wonderful ways to get to know the unique nature and enjoy the impressive views.

National Park Plitvice, Croatia

Plitvice lakes (Plitvice Lakes) or known as Plitvice Lakes are a unique landmark on the territory of Croatia . This huge water beauty is preserved in the National Park ” Plitvice ” that is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage in 1979.

Within the park’s biggest attractions are the 16 lakes , each on a different level. Between this leveling is built natural system of incredibly beautiful cascading waterfalls , the highest of which is 76 meters . Around the park grows dense and picturesque woodland , which gives the protected area finished .

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Plitvice National Park with its crystal clear lakes located in eastern Lika , between the mountains of Mala Kapela and Pleshivitsa , close to the road that connects Zagreb to Dalmatia. The highest point of the Plitvice Lakes is the peak of Mala Kapela , which reaches 1280 m altitude. According to the Croatian area-based measurements Park Plitvice Lakes is about 29,482 ha , of which 22,000 are allocated to forest areas . The total area of ​​the lakes is 217 hectares . Three quarters accounted for the two largest lakes – Kozyak and Proshchansko lake.

Plitvice with a pure heart can be called a natural phenomenon. The area in which are located Plitvice Lakes , was declared a national park on April 8, 1949 . Plitvice name was given back in 1777 by the priest Dominic Vukasovich man of God from Otochats . By 1958 the area of Plitvice lakes is inaccessible by the beautiful waters could be reached only by small forest paths .

The then governor of the park – Josip Movchan , began to realize the idea to build a system of wooden bridges to be in the convenience of visitors. So park curator lays the foundation of the tourist development area of ​​the park Plitvice .

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Plitvice Lakes are divided into upper and lower . The highest of these is Proshchanskoto Lake, which is located 639 meters above sea level. The lowest one is Lake Novakovic Brod, which is located 503 meters above sea level. The upper lakes are located on dolomitic base where surface erosion creates highly indented relief and forms a common river valley .

The lower lakes are characterized in that they are smaller and shallower . They are located on limestone and are located in the canyon of cliffs carved by the river over time , even when the Plitvice lakes were not formed. All Plitvice lakes are surrounded by dense forests . The area of the waterfalls is no exception to this rule.

In essence Plitvice lakes are karst springs, which are fed by groundwater from karst background. It is only partially within the park . The main reservoir of water content of the Plitvice lakes comes from streams Crna and Bijela Rijeka (Crna i Bijela rijeka) and Plitvice (Plitvica) with Sartuka (Sartuka). They flow into the lakes of karst springs and Riechitsa (Riječica) – in Kozyak and hence into the lake of oozed dolomite springs.

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