Tag Archives: Russia

Cave in Kamchatka, Russia

Ice sculptures that take away your breath

Caves may scare some people, but other are a real beautiful mystery. These underground formations often hide in theirselves colors of the rainbow, interesting shapes and various ground unevenness that would amaze even a geologist.

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Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia is a tunnel, about a kilometer and was formed by hot spring water that has flowed under the ice floes along the flanks of the volcano Mutnovski.

The nature of the whole peninsula is  remarkable and unique. On its territory there are many lakes, wild rivers, large symmetrical volcanoes and spectacular coastline. In the early 90s of the last century, however, not only Russian scientists and enthusiasts have been aware of the island’s natural wealth. And the influx of tourists is huge.

When visiting caves and other natural formations observe strict rules in order to  preserve the caves.

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Kremlin in Moscow

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Although there is evidence of human habitation on the site of the Kremlin dating back to 500 BC, Moscow’s history really begins around 1147, when Yuri Dolgoruky, Grand Duke of Kiev, built a wooden fort at the point where the Neglina and Moskva Rivers converge. The city grew rapidly and, despite being razed by the Mongols in 1208, was soon powerful enough to attain primacy among the Russian principalities, acknowledged in 1326 when the seat of the Russian Orthodox Church moved there from Vladimir.

At the same time, stone buildings began to appear in the Kremlin and, by the end of the 14th Century, the citadel was fortified with stone walls. Under Ivan the Great (1462 – 1505), the Kremlin became the centre of a unified Russian state, and was extensively remodelled, as befitted its new status. Meanwhile, Moscow spread outside the walls of the citadel, and the Kremlin became a world apart, the base of the twin powers of state and religion. This period saw the construction of the magnificent Cathedrals of the Assumption, the Annunciation and the Archangel, and the uniquely Russian Terem Palace, the royal residence. The addition of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower completed Sobornaya Square, and added to the imposing effect of the Kremlin skyline.

Ivan’s descendents further developed and adapted the Kremlin complex and, even when Peter the Great moved the capital to St Petersburg, Russia’s rulers continued to leave their mark on the medieval town. Peter himself built the Kremlin Arsenal, originally planned as a military museum and now occupied by a barracks, and the 18th and 19th centuries brought Neoclassical masterpieces such as the Senate Building and the Great Kremlin Palace. After the 1917 Revolution, the Kremlin regained its rightful place as the seat of the Russian government, and the legacy of the Communist era is still visible in the large red stars that top many of the defensive towers, and in the vast, modern State Kremlin Palace, originally the Palace of Congresses.

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How they live in the coldest city in the world

Yakutsk in Siberia.

A population of 270 000 people. Temperatures here drop to -42 degrees in the winter. Tomorrow – Sunday ( January 26th) the forecast is minimum temperature of -48 degrees and maximum degrees to reach around noon are -39 degrees Celsius. The record for the lowest temperature measured here is -63.8 degrees Celsius. Furthermore, in the city often falls very dense fog, limiting visibility . However, 270,000 people live here and go to work every day. Yakutsk is a major port city, here is mine and the gold and precious stones. Produced gas and oil. Most houses are raised on a platform because when I finally spring comes and the snow and ice begin to melt to form a giant mud in the streets and rivers flowing from it. During the warm months of the year can not be crossed and the Lena River . In winter it freezes and goes quiet , but no bridge . Summer anyway short.

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